A blog dedicated to investigating events as they occur in Judea and Samaria, in Israel and in the world, and as they relate to global powers and/or to the Israeli government, public figures, etc. It is dedicated to uncovering the truth behind the headlines; and in so doing, it strives to do its part in saving Judea and Samaria, and by extension, Israel and the Jewish People, from utter destruction at the hands of its many external and internal enemies.

Tuesday, July 7, 2009


Received from Brasscheck.

So this is what is going on in the US army; secretly administering deadly, undocumented experimental vaccines to US soldiers...

While in Israel, a similar - and I am convinced, RELATED - scandal came to light recently: and GUESS WHO FUNDED THE EXPERIMENT ON JEWISH BOYS? THE UNITED STATES!

Last update - 12:11 06/05/2009
'U.S. funded anthrax vaccine trials on IDF soldiers'
By Yossi Melman, Haaretz Correspondent
Tags: anthrax, U.S., Israel News

The United States provided some $200 million to fund a top secret laboratory and assembly line in Israel which developed and produced a vaccine for anthrax, according to the Internet news site Intelligence Online.

The exact location of the lab, which is reported to be run by the Nes Tziona-based Israel Institute for Biological Research, was not mentioned in the report.

The Intelligence Online story focused on the legal battle being waged by Israel Defense Forces soldiers who took part in an army-run test of the anthrax vaccine 13 years ago.
According to the report, the U.S. sought to develop an improved vaccine against anthrax following the 1991 Gulf War. Because U.S. authorities feared they would have difficulty in winning approval to conduct a trial, Washington requested that the IBR conduct the experiments and share the results of the trials.

Last month, a panel established by the Israel Medical Associated stated that anthrax vaccine experiments conducted on IDF soldiers in the early 1990s were scientifically unjustifiable.

The experiments, carried out by the IDF's Medical Corps and the Nes Tziona Biological Institute, meant to determine the efficacy of an anthrax vaccine.

The experiments were carried out in light of what was then defined as the "strategic threat" of a surprise biological attack facing Israel. However, the report said that it was not clear who made the decision.

The experiment, nicknamed "Omer 2," was held during the first part of the 1990s and included 716 IDF soldiers picked out of a pool of 4,000.

Following a three-month legal battle in Israel's High Court of Justice, the report was finally approved for publication, though some references about Israel's relations with a foreign country were deleted.

The report on the experiment was drafted by a special committee of doctors, a legal advisor, and a scientist from the Weizmann Institute of Science.

Last update - 23:55 25/03/2009
Medical panel: Anthrax experiments on IDF soldiers were unjustified
By Yossi Melman, Haaretz Correspondent
Tags: Anthrax, IDF, Israel News

Anthrax vaccine experiments conducted on Israel Defense Force soldiers in the early 1990s were unjustifiable, states a report, compiled by a panel estblished by the Israel Medical Association (IMA), and authorized for publication on Wednesday.

The experiments, carried out by the IDF's Medical Corps and the Nes Tziona Biological Institute, meant to determine the efficacy of an Anthrax vaccine.

The experiments were carried out in light of what was then defined as the "strategic threat of a surprise biological attack facing Israel. However, the report said that it was not clear who the decision makers were who determined the vaccine's necessity.

The experiment, nicknamed "Omer 2," was held during the first part of the 1990s and included 716 IDF soldiers picked out of a pool of 4,000.

Following a three-month legal battle in Israel's High Court of Justice, the report was finally approved for publication Wednesday.

The report on the experiment was drafted by a special committee of doctors, a legal advisor, and a scientist from the Weizmann Institute of Science

The medical panel was assembled upon the recommendation of the IMA ethics committee and approved by the IDF medical corps, with the court's blessing. The High Court also accepted the request of Defense Ministry's security chief and ordered a few central paragraphs of the report be stricken as a result of national security concerns.

The Chairman of the medical committee, Dr. Reuven Porat, told Haarestz that the panel was not presented with any official evidence indicating that either the government, the defense minister of the IDF chief of staff had authorized the development, testing, or production of the vaccine.

However, the committee did hear oral testimony claiming that then-Prime Minster Yitzhak Rabin ordered the production of the vaccine and that his successor, Shimon Peres, upheld that decision.

The only official document viewed by the committee that "dealt with the experiment" was written by the deputy Defense Minister.

The report insinuates that it was improper motivation that prompted the launch of the experiments, but it does not specify what these motivations were, saying that the panel "could not make out the true inspiration behind them."

The report reveals that even while the experiment was taking place Israel already had a stock of vaccines, a fact which further raised the concern that the experiment wasn't necessary that it was carried out as a result of external pressure.

"An accelerated effort to produce large quantities of the vaccine was underway a year prior to the experiment, and by the time the experiments were launched, Israel had enough vaccines to cover the civilian concerns," the report said.

It was the committee members impression, even though it was not expressed in the final report, that the person who was the driving force behind the experiment was Dr. Avigdor Shafferman, the director of the Nes Tziona Biological Institute and an anthrax specialist.

The committee raised doubts as to Dr. Shafferman's motivations for advancing the experiment. "The committee attempted to determine," the report says, "whether decision makers in the defense and political establishments were pressured by interested anthrax researchers or research establishments to bring about the development of the vaccine, regardless of existing strategic threats."

The report sees Dr. Shafferman's refusal to appear before it as the reason for its inability to definitively answer those questions.

The Medical Corps and the IDF were cooperative and sent representatives to appear before the committee.

The committee's report also severely criticizes the "shroud of secrecy" which the experiments' directors implemented and asks whether "that secrecy was geared at hiding the tests from the Israeli public."

The report concludes that "the committee remains unconvinced as to the necessity of this shroud of secrecy and in any case it is clear that a large number of people did in fact know of the experiment's existence ? a fact which is not in keeping with hiding it from Israel's enemies."

So, the committee states, this "issue is of utmost importance since it raises questions as to the true motives behind the decision to keep the tests secret, including the fact that it was administered to soldiers, which may have not been necessary."

The panel's suspicions were further raised as a result of the fact that while the experiments were conducted on soldiers, their effectiveness or potential hazards were not tested on those sections of the population for which the vaccine was intended. "The selection of soldiers as testing subjects hindered the experiments' declared purpose ? to examine the safety and efficacy of the vaccine in case of wide dissemination to a civilian population," the report said.

The committee also found that the Medical Corps and the IDF did not follow the guidelines of the Helsinki Accords, which has been regulating the procedures of experiments on humans since 1975. According to the report, enlisting soldiers under direct military authority was improper and ran against the principles of the Helsinki Accords.

Israel and the IDF accepted the principles of the Helsinki Accords, declaring many times that they meet their standards. In reality, however, the report states that "the military Helsinki committee failed to fulfill its duties in 'Omer 2' in every one of the points examined by the report."

"No scientific justification was found for the experiment, scientific background was lacking, the experiment's design and execution did not suit its goals, and no result would have justified those goals. Also, conventional guidelines were not followed, risks and possible side effects were not thoroughly investigated, and a follow-up mechanism to keep track of participating soldiers was not set up."

By stating so, the committee in fact reaffirms the claims made by several dozen soldiers, first made public on the Israeli channel two program Uvda (Fact). The soldiers, who claim that the experiment has brought upon life-threatening side effects, are now suing the IDF, with the assistance of attorneys Boaz Ben Tzur and Moshe Mazor, in a bid to obtain documents pertinent to the tests.

Israeli Physicians for Human Rights have also filed a lawsuit through attorney Michael Sfard.

Nonetheless, the Israel Medical Association committee concluded that the experiment's directors conducted the tests "in good faith. We were impressed by the experiment's directors and medical supervisor's credibility, and of the fact that they were convinced that they were doing the best they could do in order to advance what they saw as a worthy project."

As for the claims made by soldiers who testified in the committee, the report states that "the experiment's results have yet to be summarized. However preliminary results show a side effect rate of a few dozen percent, most of which are considered both inconsequential and transient."

Last update - 15:33 15/05/2007
Secret IDF anthrax experiment participants develop illnesses
By Haaretz Staff

Israeli investigative program "Uvda" (fact) reported Tuesday that dozens of soldiers belonging to elite Israel Defense Forces units have been suffering from various illnesses over the last few years after participating in a secret IDF experiment meant to aid in the development of an anthrax vaccine.

The experiment was sponsored by the Defense Ministry, and included 800 test subjects since 1999, the report said.

Channel 2's Uvda maintains that the soldiers participating in the experiment were prohibited from disclosing information regarding the experiment, event to their families. They were not allowed to talk about the experiment even after they began developing illnesses, some of them incurable.

The report reveals that some of the soldiers developed unexplained skin tumors, severe lung infections, serious migraine headaches, bronchitis and even epilepsy symptoms.

Despite the likely connection between the symptoms and the secret experiment, Channel 2 reports, the Defense Ministry and the IDF have not taken responsibility over the medical care of those soldiers undergoing treatment in civilian medical facilities.

One of the soldiers who took part in the experiment told channel 2 "They said that one group would receive the American vaccine, and the other group would receive the experimental Israel vaccine. The specifically explained to us that the vaccine is not dangerous and that we were not being injected with the actual virus, not even the dead virus. Instead, they said they would inject us with the altered DNA of the virus. They said it was very advanced."

Giora Martinovich, former chief medical officer for the IDF, went public after the television expose, telling Israel Radio that the program had been ordered amid fears of an anthrax attack by Iraq under Saddam Hussein, and because foreign-made vaccines were not available.

"It seemed clear that the Iraqis would use it (anthrax) against us," he said. "It is not possible to buy, abroad, a large quantity of vaccine, which exists only in the United States or in England. Therefore the state of Israel had to develop its own vaccine."

The Defense Ministry issued a response to the claims saying "the research was conducted in preparation for the protection of the population of Israel from a strategic threat. It was conducted under the approval of the Helsinki committee [for human experimentation] and was carried out with the help of soldiers who volunteered, who were kept under very strict medical observation. They were told in detail about the research and given the option to quit at any time."

Anthrax is a deadly bacterial disease and its spores can be used in germ warfare to infect victims. The United States has long required that its troops serving in Iraq, Afghanistan and South Korea be vaccinated against anthrax.

Defense attempting to block report about anthrax trial
By Yossi Melman

The Defense Ministry is attempting to block or delay the release of a new report criticizing the Israel Institute for Biological Research in Nes Tziona for its experiment on an anthrax vaccine, which allegedly afflicted the trial subjects.

Shortly before the committee, established by the Israeli doctors union, was due to publish its report last month, Amir Kain, director of security for the defense establishment, demanded to see the report to ensure it did not reveal state secrets. The committee refused, saying the report was not damaging to state security and that the defense establishment had already scrutinized and censored certain documents associated with the report.

The state prosecution, representing Kain, petitioned the High Court of Justice to block the report from being released, and the court issued a temporary injunction to delay publication.

The doctors union and some Israel Defense Forces soldiers, who were vaccinated as part of the experiment, filed a counter-petition to immediately release the report. The High Court will discuss the issue today. If the report is released, criticizing the biological research institute, its director, Avigdor Shafferman, and the IDF Medical Corps - all of which were involved in the experiment, it could support the soldiers' demand that the state recognize the injustice done to them and compensate them accordingly.

The committee, headed by Prof. Reuven Porat, was established by the Medical Corps to clear its name of any involvement in the controversial experiment. The once-secret experiment, called Omer Two, began in 1998 and lasted eight years.

In the experiment, which was conducted under the auspices of the army's Helsinki committee on human experimentation, 716 IDF soldiers were given seven doses of an anti-anthrax vaccine developed by the Nes Tziona biological institute. But despite the involvement of the Helsinki committee, the mandated procedures were not followed in full, and there was no extended medical supervision of the vaccinated soldiers.

A year and a half ago, a group of soldiers vaccinated in the experiment asked the IDF and Defense Ministry for all the details of the experiment, saying they suffered from debilitating side effects.

The army and Defense Ministry ignored the request and would not recognize the soldiers as disabled veterans - eligible for benefits from the IDF.

The soldiers petitioned the High Court to instruct the relevant authorities to provide all the relevant data and establish a state commission of inquiry into the anthrax experiment.

Kain said in response that he had no intention of blocking the publication, only of making sure that state secrets were not revealed in the report.

Kain also said he did not plan to attempt to shield the Nes Tziona Institute and/or its director Shafferman, from criticism.

Defense Ministry raids home of bio institute whistleblower
By Yossi Melman
Tags: israel news, April 21, 2009, Haaretz

Defense Ministry investigators raided the home yesterday of a former employee of the Israel Institute for Biological Research in Nes Tziona who is suspected of revealing state secrets.

The investigators, from the Defense Ministry's security arm, accompanied by a police officer, confiscated a computer hard drive and other material belonging to Dr. Yehoshua Gozes during the search of his Ramat Hasharon home. He was taken the Defense Ministry's Kirya compound in Tel Aviv for questioning.

Gozes refused to answer questions, and through the intervention of his attorney, Devorah Chen, he was released.

The raid was carried out with the approval of the state prosecutor's office.

The investigation began in June 2008 following an article in Haaretz about anthrax vaccine experiments conducted on Israel Defense Force soldiers in the early 1990s, led by Dr. Avigdor Shafferman, the director of the institute and an anthrax specialist. The article, which revealed problems and mishaps in the process of working on the vaccine, was released for publication only after a prolonged legal battle.

Since the investigation of a suspected leak at the institute, a number of employees have been questioned about their ties to Gozes. Gozes, a past chairman of the researchers' work committee, left the institute following recurring friction with Shafferman.

Since then he has reportedly been seen by Shafferman and the Defense Ministry's security arm as a "troublemaker," because of complaints he filed with the State Ombudsman and other officials about Shafferman's work.

The raid and the confiscation of documents are "scare tactics," Gozes told Haaretz yesterday.

"I have no doubt that this is revenge for my past activities as a representative of workers and my criticism of Dr. Shafferman's conduct," he said.

A committee of the Israel Medical Association recently released a report that was highly critical of the anthrax vaccine's development by the institute, citing what it called the IDF Medical Corps' scientifically unjustified trials, which contravened the Helsinki guidelines for human experimentation. The report hinted that Shafferman had "extraneous motives" in deciding to experiment on IDF soldiers at a time the state already had stockpiles of millions of doses of the vaccine.

The Defense Ministry spokesman declined to comment.

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